Tensile Strength

The wires of wire rope are made of high-carbon steel. These carbon steel wires come in various grades. Wire ropes are usually made of Extra Improved Plow Steel (EIPS) or Extra Extra Improved Plow Steel (EEIPS) which roughly equivalents to a wire tensile strength of 1960N/mm2 and 2160N/mm2.

As one can see from the tables in this catalogue the difference in a rope’s breaking strength by increasing the material tensile strength is only about 10%.

Fill Factor

In order to further increase the breaking strength of wire rope one has to increase the rope’s fill factor or density.

The fill factor measures the metallic cross section of a rope and compares this with the circumscribed area given by the rope diameter. Traditional rope constructions ‘fill’ the rope diameter only up to about 58% with steel. Python® and Compac® wire rope ‘fill’ the rope diameter up to 80% with steel. That is an metallic increase of about 38% which results in a similar increase in rope strength.

Two methods can be employed: Selecting a different rope CONSTRUCTION or COMPACTION of the rope or strands.

Many high strength rope constructions use both methods at the same time.

strength_1

Fill or Density Factor of different rope constructionsstrength_2